Chardin, Jean-Baptiste-Simeon

(1699-1779)
   painter
   Born in Paris the son of a cabinetmaker, Chardin, although he studied under a student of lebrun, was largely self-taught. One of the great artists of the 18th century, he documented the life of the Parisian bourgeoisie in his genre paintings and still lifes. Chardin was originally influenced by 17th-century Dutch masters and, like them, devoted himself to simple subjects and common themes. His lifelong work in this style contrasted greatly with the heroic and historic subjects and rococo scenery that were the main themes of mid-18th-century art. After being admitted to the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in 1728, on the basis of two early still lifes (La Raie and Le Dressoir), Chardin began producing such scenes of everyday bourgeois life. About 1755, he returned to the still life genre with Le Gobelet d'argent. All Chardin's works are characterized by subdued color tones, lighting, and celebration of the beauty of the commonplace. There is always an air of intimacy, domesticity, and honesty in each. Also, his technique was to achieve a realistic texture in his paintings. Known as the "grand magicien" by his critics, Chardin achieved an unequaled mastery in these areas. Later works (after 1770) included three self-portraits in the same style.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Chardin, Jean-Baptiste-Siméon — (2 nov. 1699, París, Francia–6 dic. 1779, París). Pintor francés. Fue aclamado por primera vez en 1728, cuando se hizo miembro de la Academia Real de Pintura de París. Fue un exitoso pintor de naturalezas muertas y de escenas domésticas que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chardin, Jean-Baptiste-Siméon — born Nov. 2, 1699, Paris, France died Dec. 6, 1779, Paris French painter. He first received acclaim in 1728, when he became a member of the Royal Academy of Painting in Paris. He became known as a successful painter of still lifes and domestic… …   Universalium

  • Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin — Self portrait, 1771, pastel, Musée du Louvre, Paris. Jean Baptiste Siméon Chardin (2 November 1699 – 6 December 1779) was an 18th century French painter. He is considered a master of still life,[1] and is also …   Wikipedia

  • Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin — Jean Siméon Chardin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chardin. Autoportrait aux besicles 1775 (pastel, 46 × 38 cm) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Baptiste Siméon Chardin — Jean Siméon Chardin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chardin. Autoportrait aux besicles 1775 (pastel, 46 × 38 cm) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin — Selbstporträt mit Brille, 1775, Musée du Louvre, Paris Der Rochen, 1728, Musée du Louvre, Paris …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Baptiste Siméon Chardin — Selbstporträt mit Brille, 1775, Musée du Louvre, Paris Der Rochen, 1728, Musée du Louvre, Paris …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Baptiste Chardin — Jean Siméon Chardin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chardin. Autoportrait aux besicles 1775 (pastel, 46 × 38 cm) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Baptiste — is a male French name, originating with St. John the Baptist, and may refer to one of the following: * Charles XIV John, Charles XIV John, born Jean Baptiste Bernadotte. * Jean Baptiste Alphonse Karr, French critic, journalist and novelist. *… …   Wikipedia

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